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Pengertian dan Ciri-Ciri Passive Voice

Jika sebelumnya kita membahasa tentang "Active Voice" maka kita akan beralih menuju Passive Voice. mimin juga akan bagiin nih beberapa info yang mungkin bermanfaat untuk teman-teman yang berkunjung.

materi passive voice ini bukan materi ynag sulit ya karena kita sendiri sudah mendapatkannya dalam pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia.
Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice

oke lanjut materi, apa saja yang akan mimin bagikan kali ini? ya tentunya tentang Pengertian Passive Voice, Rumus-rumus yang digunakan dalam kalimat Active Voice serta beberapa contoh kalimat Active voice yang diterakpkan dalam 16 tenses.

selamat belajar ya, semoga sukses!

1. Pengertian  Passive Voice
Passive Voice adalah konstruksi tatabahasa (secara khusus, specifically, a “voice”). Kata atau frasa kata benda yang akan menjadi obyek dari kalimat aktif,  muncul sebagai subjek kalimat dengan suara pasif. Dalam bahasa Indonesia kalimat pasif biasanya diikuti prefix berupa di– atau ter–. Contohnya kalau kalimat aktifnya menginjak maka kalimat pasifnya menjadi dipukul atau terpikul.

2. Rumus Passive Voice
Rumus passive voice:
S + be + past participle + (by agent)

*by agent: pelaku dari tindakan

Contoh:
Passive voice: A pear is eat by me.

3. Ciri Kalimat Passive Voice
to be + V3  dan kata by (kata ini bukan merupakan syarat yang harus ada dalam kalimat pasif )
Yang dapat dijadikan kalimat passive adalah Verbal Sentence (kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja/V)
Verbal sentence yang dapat dirubah ke Passive Voice (kalimat pasif) adalah kalimat yang memiliki objek penderita.

Perubahan aktif ke pasif atau sebaliknya tidak merubah makna kalimat. Perubahan iti terjadi hanya pada struktur kalimatnya saja.

4. Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice
Passive  : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week (Tanaman akan dipanen oleh petani minggu depan)
Passive  : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow (Mereka akan telah dipenuhi oleh dia sebelum aku sampai di sana besok)
Passive  : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon ( Tanaman ini akan telah disiram oleh dia sebelum mendapatkan di sini sore ini)
Passive  : They would have been met by him (Mereka akan telahbertemu dengannya)
Passive  : This plant would have been watered by her (Tanaman ini akan telah disiram olehnya)

5. Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice Dalam Semua Tenses Bahasa Inggris

1.. Simple Present 
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
VERB  1  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERB  3 +
OBJECT
*tobe : IS / AM / ARE
[A]       Once a week, Tommy cleans the class.
[P]       Once a week, the class is cleaned by Tommy.

2.. Simple Past       
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
VERB  2  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERB  3 +
OBJECT
*tobe : WAS / WERE
[A]       Sam repaired the car last morning.
[P]       The car was repaired by Sam last morning.

3.. Present Continuous    
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERBING   +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  + BEING + VERB 3  +
OBJECT
*tobe : IS / AM / ARE
[A]       Right now, Sari is writing a composition.
[P]       Right now, a composition is being written by Sari.

4.. Past Continuous          
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERBING   +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  + BEING + VERB 3  +
OBJECT
*tobe : WAS / WERE          
[A]       The salesman was helping the customer when I came.
[P]       The customer was being helped by the salesman when I came.

5.. Present Perfect 
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS  +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS + BEEN +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
* Subjek (HE / SHE / IT) + HAS & Subjek (I / YOU / THEY / WE) + HAVE
[A]       My classmates  have visited that castle many times.
[P]       That castle has been visited by My classmates  many times.

6.. Past Perfect       
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN +  VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Jhon had repaired many cars before he had his own workshop.
[P]       Many cars had been repaired by Jhon before he had his own workshop.

7.. Present Perfect  Continuous
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS  +  BEEN + VERBING  +
O
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS + BEEN + BEING +  VERB3  +
O
* Subjek (HE / SHE / IT) + HAS & Subjek (I / YOU / THEY / WE) + HAVE

[A]       Recently, John has been studying English seriously.
[P]       Recently, English has been studying seriously by John.

8.. Past Perfect Continuous
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN + BEING + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Randy had been preparing this research for two years before he moved to Paris.
[P]       This research had been being prepared by Randy for two years before he moved to Paris.

9.. Simple Future “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Sunny will finish the project tomorrow.
[P]       The project will be finished by Sunny tomorrow.
10.. Simple Future “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Sally is going to make a beautiful gown tonight.
[P]       A beautiful gown is going to be made by Sally tonight.

11.. Future Continuous “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + VERBING +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + BEING + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       At 7:00 PM tonight, John will be doing the homework.
[P]       At 7:00 PM tonight, the homework will be being done by John.

12.. Future Continuous “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       At 7:00 PM tonight, John is going to be doing the homework..
[P]       At 7:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being done by John.

13.. Future Perfect “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + VERB3 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       They will have finished the book before the deadline.
[P]       The book will have been finished by them before the deadline.

14.. Future Perfect “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT+  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + VERB3 +
O
[P]
SUBJECT+  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
O
           
[A]       They are going to have finished the book before the deadline.
[P]       The book is going to have been finished by them before the deadline.

15.. Future Perfect Continuous “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + VERB3 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       The actor will have been teaching us for over six months by the time we finish.
[P]       We will have been being taught by t he actor for over six months by the time we finish.

16.. Future Perfect Continuous “WILL”
[A]
S +  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + VERB3 +
O
[P]
S +  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
O

[A]       The actor is going to have been teaching us for over six months by the time we finish.
[P]       We are going to have been being taught by t he actor for over six months by the time we finish.

17.. Modals [CAN, MAY, SHALL, MUST, COULD, MIGHT, SHOULD, WOULD]
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
MODALS + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
MODALS + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       The actor can buy this sport car.
[P]       This sport car can be bought by the actor.

18.. Used to
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
USED TO  + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
USED TO  + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT
           
[A]       Jerry used to play football when he was young.
[P]       Football used to be played by Jerry when he was young.

19.. Accusative Verbs [ASK / REQUIRE / WANT / NEED / etc.]
Dengan OBJEK
[A]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + O + TO  + VERB1 +
O
[P]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + O + TO + BE + VERB3  +
O

[A]       I ask Rani to send a letter.
[P]       I ask a letter to be sent by Rani.

20.. Accusative Verbs [ASK / REQUIRE / WANT / NEED / etc.]
Tanpa OBJEK
[P]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + TO + BE + VERB3  +
O

 [P]      want to be loved.


Sekian ya pembahasan mengenai Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice. Semoga dapat membantu teman-teman dalam belajar. kalau ada pertanyaan silakan ditanyakan lewat komentar. terima kasih..

Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice

PENGUMUMAN

KUNCI JAWABAN MANDIRI K13N SMA KELAS 10-12 LENGKAP. KLIK DISINI.!

Pengertian dan Ciri-Ciri Passive Voice

Jika sebelumnya kita membahasa tentang "Active Voice" maka kita akan beralih menuju Passive Voice. mimin juga akan bagiin nih beberapa info yang mungkin bermanfaat untuk teman-teman yang berkunjung.

materi passive voice ini bukan materi ynag sulit ya karena kita sendiri sudah mendapatkannya dalam pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia.
Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice

oke lanjut materi, apa saja yang akan mimin bagikan kali ini? ya tentunya tentang Pengertian Passive Voice, Rumus-rumus yang digunakan dalam kalimat Active Voice serta beberapa contoh kalimat Active voice yang diterakpkan dalam 16 tenses.

selamat belajar ya, semoga sukses!

1. Pengertian  Passive Voice
Passive Voice adalah konstruksi tatabahasa (secara khusus, specifically, a “voice”). Kata atau frasa kata benda yang akan menjadi obyek dari kalimat aktif,  muncul sebagai subjek kalimat dengan suara pasif. Dalam bahasa Indonesia kalimat pasif biasanya diikuti prefix berupa di– atau ter–. Contohnya kalau kalimat aktifnya menginjak maka kalimat pasifnya menjadi dipukul atau terpikul.

2. Rumus Passive Voice
Rumus passive voice:
S + be + past participle + (by agent)

*by agent: pelaku dari tindakan

Contoh:
Passive voice: A pear is eat by me.

3. Ciri Kalimat Passive Voice
to be + V3  dan kata by (kata ini bukan merupakan syarat yang harus ada dalam kalimat pasif )
Yang dapat dijadikan kalimat passive adalah Verbal Sentence (kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja/V)
Verbal sentence yang dapat dirubah ke Passive Voice (kalimat pasif) adalah kalimat yang memiliki objek penderita.

Perubahan aktif ke pasif atau sebaliknya tidak merubah makna kalimat. Perubahan iti terjadi hanya pada struktur kalimatnya saja.

4. Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice
Passive  : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week (Tanaman akan dipanen oleh petani minggu depan)
Passive  : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow (Mereka akan telah dipenuhi oleh dia sebelum aku sampai di sana besok)
Passive  : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon ( Tanaman ini akan telah disiram oleh dia sebelum mendapatkan di sini sore ini)
Passive  : They would have been met by him (Mereka akan telahbertemu dengannya)
Passive  : This plant would have been watered by her (Tanaman ini akan telah disiram olehnya)

5. Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice Dalam Semua Tenses Bahasa Inggris

1.. Simple Present 
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
VERB  1  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERB  3 +
OBJECT
*tobe : IS / AM / ARE
[A]       Once a week, Tommy cleans the class.
[P]       Once a week, the class is cleaned by Tommy.

2.. Simple Past       
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
VERB  2  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERB  3 +
OBJECT
*tobe : WAS / WERE
[A]       Sam repaired the car last morning.
[P]       The car was repaired by Sam last morning.

3.. Present Continuous    
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERBING   +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  + BEING + VERB 3  +
OBJECT
*tobe : IS / AM / ARE
[A]       Right now, Sari is writing a composition.
[P]       Right now, a composition is being written by Sari.

4.. Past Continuous          
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  +  VERBING   +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE  + BEING + VERB 3  +
OBJECT
*tobe : WAS / WERE          
[A]       The salesman was helping the customer when I came.
[P]       The customer was being helped by the salesman when I came.

5.. Present Perfect 
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS  +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS + BEEN +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
* Subjek (HE / SHE / IT) + HAS & Subjek (I / YOU / THEY / WE) + HAVE
[A]       My classmates  have visited that castle many times.
[P]       That castle has been visited by My classmates  many times.

6.. Past Perfect       
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  +  VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN +  VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Jhon had repaired many cars before he had his own workshop.
[P]       Many cars had been repaired by Jhon before he had his own workshop.

7.. Present Perfect  Continuous
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS  +  BEEN + VERBING  +
O
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAVE / HAS + BEEN + BEING +  VERB3  +
O
* Subjek (HE / SHE / IT) + HAS & Subjek (I / YOU / THEY / WE) + HAVE

[A]       Recently, John has been studying English seriously.
[P]       Recently, English has been studying seriously by John.

8.. Past Perfect Continuous
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
HAD  + BEEN + BEING + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Randy had been preparing this research for two years before he moved to Paris.
[P]       This research had been being prepared by Randy for two years before he moved to Paris.

9.. Simple Future “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Sunny will finish the project tomorrow.
[P]       The project will be finished by Sunny tomorrow.
10.. Simple Future “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       Sally is going to make a beautiful gown tonight.
[P]       A beautiful gown is going to be made by Sally tonight.

11.. Future Continuous “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + VERBING +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + BE + BEING + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       At 7:00 PM tonight, John will be doing the homework.
[P]       At 7:00 PM tonight, the homework will be being done by John.

12.. Future Continuous “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
TOBE GOING TO + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       At 7:00 PM tonight, John is going to be doing the homework..
[P]       At 7:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being done by John.

13.. Future Perfect “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + VERB3 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       They will have finished the book before the deadline.
[P]       The book will have been finished by them before the deadline.

14.. Future Perfect “BE GOING TO”
[A]
SUBJECT+  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + VERB3 +
O
[P]
SUBJECT+  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
O
           
[A]       They are going to have finished the book before the deadline.
[P]       The book is going to have been finished by them before the deadline.

15.. Future Perfect Continuous “WILL”
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + VERB3 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       The actor will have been teaching us for over six months by the time we finish.
[P]       We will have been being taught by t he actor for over six months by the time we finish.

16.. Future Perfect Continuous “WILL”
[A]
S +  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + VERB3 +
O
[P]
S +  
TOBE GOING TO + HAVE + BEEN + VERB3  +
O

[A]       The actor is going to have been teaching us for over six months by the time we finish.
[P]       We are going to have been being taught by t he actor for over six months by the time we finish.

17.. Modals [CAN, MAY, SHALL, MUST, COULD, MIGHT, SHOULD, WOULD]
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
MODALS + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
MODALS + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT

[A]       The actor can buy this sport car.
[P]       This sport car can be bought by the actor.

18.. Used to
[A]
SUBJECT    +  
USED TO  + VERB1 +
OBJECT
[P]
SUBJECT    +  
USED TO  + BE + VERB3  +
OBJECT
           
[A]       Jerry used to play football when he was young.
[P]       Football used to be played by Jerry when he was young.

19.. Accusative Verbs [ASK / REQUIRE / WANT / NEED / etc.]
Dengan OBJEK
[A]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + O + TO  + VERB1 +
O
[P]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + O + TO + BE + VERB3  +
O

[A]       I ask Rani to send a letter.
[P]       I ask a letter to be sent by Rani.

20.. Accusative Verbs [ASK / REQUIRE / WANT / NEED / etc.]
Tanpa OBJEK
[P]
S +  
ACCUSATIVE VERB + TO + BE + VERB3  +
O

 [P]      want to be loved.


Sekian ya pembahasan mengenai Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice. Semoga dapat membantu teman-teman dalam belajar. kalau ada pertanyaan silakan ditanyakan lewat komentar. terima kasih..
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